ASHTAROTH, ASHTEROTH-KARNAIM, KARNAIM (Heb. 注址砖讈职转旨指专讜止转, 注址砖讈职转旨职专讈转志拽址专职谞址讬执诐, 拽址专职谞指讬执诐; "horns"; Amos 6:13), Canaanite city in Bashan, named after the goddess ashtoreth . Ashtaroth is mentioned in the Egyptian Execration Texts (19th鈥18th centuries B.C.E.), in the inscriptions of Thutmosis III (No. 28 in his list), and in the El-Amarna letters (EA 197, 256). With the addition of neighboring karnaim , it appears in the list of chedorlaomer 's conquests (Gen. 14:5). Together with edrei , Ashtaroth was the capital of Og, king of Bashan (Deut. 1:4), and after the Israelite conquest it was allotted to the tribe of manasseh (Josh. 13:31). It was a levitical city (I Chron. 6:56; Josh. 21:27 鈥 "Beeshterah") and the home of Uzziah, one of David's "mighty men" (I Chron. 11:44). Ashtaroth was captured by Tiglath-Pileser III in 732 B.C.E.; a relief depicting the deportation of its inhabitants has been preserved. The temple of Atargatis there was stormed by Judah Maccabee (I Macc. 5:26, 43鈥44; II Macc. 12:21, 26). In talmudic literature it appears as Ashtor, a city of proselytes (TJ, Bik. 1:4, 64a). In the time of Eusebius (fourth century), two villages, one called Ashtaroth and the other Karnaim, still existed in the Bashan, nine (Roman) miles apart. It is identified with Tell Ashtareh, 21 mi. (34 km.) east of the Sea of Galilee. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: W.F. Albright, in: BASOR, 19 (1925), 15; A. Alt, in: PJB, 29 (1933), 21; Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 255; Press, Ere岷, 4 (1955), 760; Aharoni, Land, index. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ashteroth Karnaim 鈥 聽聽聽Ashteroth of the two horns, the abode of the Rephaim (Gen. 14:5). It may be identified with Ashtaroth preceding; called Karnaim , i.e., the two horned (the crescent moon). The Samaritan version renders the word by Sunamein, the present es… 鈥   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • 袗楔孝袝袪袨肖 鈥 [袝胁褉. ], 薪邪蟹胁邪薪懈械 谐芯褉芯写邪 胁 褋褌褉邪薪械 袙邪褋邪薪 (胁芯蟹屑芯卸薪芯, 褋芯胁褉. 孝械谢谢褜 袗褕褌邪褉邪 胁 小懈褉懈懈, 褍 谐褉邪薪懈褑褘 褋 袠芯褉写邪薪懈械泄). 小芯谐谢邪褋薪芯 袙袟, 写芯 蟹邪胁芯械胁邪薪懈褟 写褉械胁薪懈屑懈 械胁褉械褟屑懈 袗. 斜褘谢 褉械蟹懈写械薪褑懈械泄 胁邪褋邪薪褋泻芯谐芯 褑邪褉褟 袨谐邪 (袙褌芯褉 1. 4; 袧邪胁 9. 10; 12. 4; 13. 12, 31). 袟邪薪褟褌褘泄 泻芯谢械薪芯屑… 鈥   袩褉邪胁芯褋谢邪胁薪邪褟 褝薪褑懈泻谢芯锌械写懈褟

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